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Humans have been creating art since the very beginning. From the earliest cave paintings to Michelangelo’s ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, the people who created it have a lot to tell us about their lives. Understanding the broad history of art is very important to appreciate its cultural, historical, and social significance. This article aims to provide an overview of the study of art history and everything it covers.

What Is Art History?

The art history field is an academic discipline that focuses on art and its history. It considers various factors such as the time period, the worldwide region, and the philosophy of art. This field is usually divided into two: the era and the region. This allows scholars to study the multiple historical contexts that affected the development of art. For example, a European painting made during the 20th century might not be considered for discussion or study in the same manner as pieces of pottery from China.

Art history views a piece as an expression of an artist’s worldview, including the political, philosophical, economic, and social conditions it was created. There are several categories in which this term is commonly used.

Understanding Cultures

Through visual art, we can look back at our past and understand how our civilization evolved. This study asks questions such as, “What made us who we are?” and “Where did our vision of the globe come from?”

Renaissance Western Art

During the Renaissance period, artists started to show a return to the world of materials. Instead of using Biblical truths as their guide, they focused on man’s physical and landscape aspects.

Eastern Art

The cultures of Asia, which spanned various countries such as China, Japan, and India, produced a wide variety of art throughout the thousands of years. The importance of how Western and Eastern art was integrated is also acknowledged.

Modern and Contemporary Art

The period that ended in the 20th century was characterized by the various art movements that emerged during this time. Due to the increasing global interaction, artists started to influence other cultures. Some of these movements included surrealism, impressionism, and Dadaism.